April 21, 2018

Security Bond for Statutory Guardian

STATUTORY GUARDIAN – SECURITY BOND

The Public Guardian & Trustee (“PGT”) of Ontario becomes the statutory guardian of any person in Ontario who becomes incapable without having a Continuing Power of Attorney for Property. It is possible for someone (usually a relative) to apply to replace the PGT and become a substitute guardian. [Read more…]

Estate Accounts need to be kept in a specific format

FORMATTING ESTATE ACCOUNTS

Executors of estates are required to keep detailed accounting records. These records include:

• Original assets of the estate;
• All capital and revenue received by the estate;
• All capital and revenue paid out by the estate;
• All investments made on behalf of the estate;
• The current assets of the estate at any point where the executor is having the accounts approved by beneficiaries. [Read more…]

Treatment of CPP Death Benefit by the Estate

CPP DEATH BENEFIT AND HOW THE ESTATE NEEDS TO HANDLE IT

If you have contributed to the Canada Pension Plan (“CPP”), you will be entitled to a CPP death on your death. The amount of the death benefit will depend on the number of CPP credits you have accumulated. The current maximum death benefit is $2,500.00.

The CPP death benefit is income to the estate and taxable as such (believe it or not). It is also an estate asset on which executor’s compensation is payable. It will also be included in the value of the estate for the purposes of distribution among the beneficiaries. [Read more…]

Investments Under Power of Attorney

G+G POA Investments

ESTATE ADMINISTRATION – INVESTMENTS UNDER POWER OF ATTORNEY

An Attorney acting under a Power of Attorney for Property is required to be careful with investments. If the Power of Attorney for Property of the incapacitated person gives specific authority to make certain types of investments, an attorney can make those investments. Otherwise, an attorney should assume that they will be held liable by the incapacitated person or the beneficiaries of their estate when they die (even though they may not actually be liable) for any losses and invest conservatively. [Read more…]

Probate Tax – How much does it cost?

G+G Calculator

PROBATE TAX – WHAT IS IT AND HOW MUCH DOES IT COST?

What is Probate tax? It is a provincial tax imposed on the deceased’s estate under the control of an executor or administrator.

How much will the probate tax be on an estate? Here is a simple approach to calculating the tax. [Read more…]

No Will, Spouse or Children: Where Do Your Assets Go on Death?

Contrary to popular belief, the government does not automatically take the assets of a person who dies without a will leaving no spouse or children to inherit. The Succession Law Reform Act provides for parents, siblings, nieces and nephews to inherit if no spouse or children survived the deceased. Even if a person dies leaving no parents, siblings, nieces, or nephews, the government would not be next in line for a deceased’s assets. [Read more…]

Last Will Dated Before 1978

ESTATE PLANNING – DOES YOUR LAST WILL AND TESTAMENT PREDATE 1978?

Was your Last Will and Testament made before March 31 1978? Then read THIS!

If your Will:
a. Was made before March 31, 1978;
b. provides for some of your estate to ‘flow through’ to children or other descendants of named beneficiaries; and
c. does not specifically include children born out of wedlock (e.g. children of a common law couple)

Any such person born out of wedlock will not receive a share of the estate. If your Will was made after March 31, 1978 such person would receive a share of the estate.

A recent case of the Ontario Superior Court of Justice has confirmed this … “Born out of wedlock, man cannot inherit from grandma because Will is from 1977”

You should check your Will and have it reviewed by your lawyer, if it predates 1978.

CPP Survivor’s Pension

G+G CPP Survivor

ESTATE ADMINISTRATION – CPP SURVIVOR’S PENSION

If your spouse contributed to CPP, you may be eligible to receive a CPP survivor’s pension. To qualify you must be the legal or common law spouse of the deceased.

The amount of the pension can be a bit confusing to determine. The following link to the Service Canada Website will help you figure it out.

http://www.servicecanada.gc.ca/eng/isp/cpp/survivor.shtml

[Read more…]

Non-continuing Power of Attorney for Property

G+G POA3

NON-CONTINUING POWER OF ATTORNEY FOR PROPERTY

If your Power of Attorney does not specifically indicate that it is a Continuing Power of Attorney for Property or say that it allows the people you name to continue to act for you in the event of mental incapacity, the Power of Attorney will be valid only so long as you are mentally capable.

CONTACT US

Feel free to contact us at any point for assistance or advice with respect to Estate Law, Estate Planning, Estate Administration or Estate Litigation. We may be reached at 705.435.4339 or contact us via email.

Holograph Will – Write your own Will

WRITING YOUR OWN WILL IS REFERRED TO AS A HOLOGRAPH WILL

Contrary to popular belief, an Ontario Will may be valid even if there are no witnesses to the Will.

If a Will is made entirely in the handwriting of the testator (person making the Will) and signed by that person, no witnesses are required to sign the Will. Such a Will is called a Holograph Will. [Read more…]