February 21, 2020

Formal Execution of a Will

G+G Last Will

FORMAL EXECUTION OF A WILL

There are specific requirements in Ontario, set out in legislation called the Succession Law Reform Act (SLRA), that govern how a Will is to be executed in order to make it valid. These requirements are quite rigid and a document that does not comply with them may very well be found to be invalid. [Read more…]

Ontario Disability Support Program and Inheritance

G+G ODSP

ODSP AND INHERITANCE

How will an inheritance impact your income support from ODSP?

Any money, property or possessions that you receive can affect your eligibility for, or the amount of money you receive from, Ontario Disability Support Program. This includes anything you may inherit from someone who has passed on. Some inheritances will be exempt and will not have an effect on your ODSP eligibility or amount. [Read more…]

Estate Planning and Separation

SEPARATION AND THE IMPACT ON ESTATE PLANNING

It is important to review your estate planning upon separation from your spouse. Separation by itself will not have an effect on your Will or the distribution of your estate. Some of the things to consider and discuss with your lawyer are:

  1. You should consider revoking your Will and Powers of Attorney and making new ones right away, and possibly another Will when matters with your spouse are resolved;
  2. If you do not have a Will, you should consider preparing one;
  3. If you own property with your spouse as joint tenants, including your matrimonial home, you should consider the advisability of severing the joint tenancy;
  4. You should consider changing your beneficiary designations for life insurance policies, RRSPs, etc. [Read more…]

Bequeathing a Farm in Your Will

G+G Farmland

BEQUEATHING A FARM IN YOUR WILL

The transfer of farmland, by sale, gift or other form of transfer, is generally subject to HST unless it falls into one of the exemptions found in Schedule V of the Excise Tax Act. One such exception is found in section 167(2), which determines that:

[Read more…]

Appointment of Guardians of Children in Your Will

G+G Guardian2

GUARDIANSHIP – WHAT ARE THE LIMITATIONS?

Parents who have children under the age of majority will naturally want to provide for them in their Wills. In addition to arranging their inheritance, most parents will want to name a guardian for their children should both parents die at the same time or if a parent is in a single-parent situation. [Read more…]

Forcing an Executor to Account

FORCING ACCOUNTS

Executors of an estate are required to disclose the value of an estate and to document as well as explain the accounting of the estate to all beneficiaries.

Beneficiaries of an estate often complain that they are not provided with information concerning the value of an estate or the accounting. In some cases they are asked to “sign off” on the estate without knowing in advance what their share of the estate is and how it was determined. [Read more…]

Incorporating Your Business: Liability Considerations

G+G Corp 

LIABILITY AND BUSINESS INCORPORATION

There are many positive reasons to incorporate your business or professional practice. The main reason lawyers recommend clients consider incorporating is to limit personal liability with respect to the corporation’s actions. Unlike a sole proprietorship or a partnership, a corporation is a separate legal entity. Often shareholder’s liability exposure in a corporation is limited to the amount they have invested in the corporation, thereby protecting their personal assets. [Read more…]

Automatic Revocation of Wills

AUTOMATIC REVOCATION OF WILLS IS MANDATED BY LAW IN ONTARIO

There are situations where a validly drawn will can be automatically revoked with no express intention on the part of the owner of the Will. The two most common situations where this occurs are marriage and divorce.

[Read more…]

Estate Planning for Farm Property

G+G Farmhouse

CAPITAL GAINS ARE HANDLED DIFFERENTLY WITH FARMLAND

When an individual dies any farmland they own is treated differently than land containing that individual’s principle residence. On the death of a taxpayer, farmland can be transferred (sold) on a rollover basis at the adjusted cost base (ACB), or at any price up to fair market value (FMV). A rollover means the transaction of transferring (selling) the farm takes place without any tax being payable immediately. This is beneficial because normally capital gains tax is payable when a business changes hands, and farming operations usually do not have a lot of cash on hand compared to assets like equipment, vehicles, and crops. [Read more…]

ODSP Eligibility and Income

G+G ODSP3

ODSP ELIGIBILITY AND INCOME

The Ontario Disability Support Program provides eligible people with disabilities with income support to pay for living expenses such as food and housing. Eligibility for this program, as well as the amount of income support you can receive, is directly affected by a person’s income. [Read more…]